The Role of Nurses In Preventing Violence Towards Children and Adolescents

Nurse observing a little girl

No act of violence against children is ever acceptable, according to UNICEF. Every act of violence against children can be avoided. There are numerous ways that children be harmed. It might be sexual, emotional, or physical. It occurs everywhere and in all contexts, including a child's home, neighborhood, school, and online. Violence-based punishment is common and socially acceptable in several regions of the world. And for many girls and boys, the perpetrators of abuse are those they trust, including their parents or other primary caregivers, teachers, peers, and neighbors. As advocates, nurses are crucial in the fight against violence against children.

Early identification

Promoting recovery and averting new victimization depend heavily on early detection and intervention. Therefore, it is crucial that school staff undergo training so they can identify the symptoms of abuse and report it appropriately. The school nurse is a pioneer in training school staff to recognize child abuse. Child reports of abuse, abrupt behavioral changes, a lack of medical referral follow-up, learning disabilities with no known cause, guarded and/or too cooperative child answers, and the avoidance of one's own house or particular people are all indicators of child maltreatment.

Education and support

There are numerous things nurses can do to lessen the possibility of child abuse and neglect. You can consider your duty as one of spreading knowledge about child abuse and neglect to families. Your program can assist families and reduce the possibility of abuse and neglect. Nurses can participate in initiatives that inform families of the services available to them. Posters describing effective parenting methods can be hung. 

Parent education sessions on constructive discipline, attachment, and nurturing can be held as part of your curriculum. Additionally, your program can set up family support networks. No matter which families in your neighborhood are at risk for child abuse or neglect, all of them could benefit from these supports.

Reporting of Abuse

A nurse should contact a doctor, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant in the first instance if they have any suspicions of abuse or neglect. Depending on the workplace, it can also be necessary to notify a supervisor. The examination should take place without the suspected abuser present if the victim is with them.

Suspected child abuse or neglect can be reported by anyone. A child can be protected and a family can receive assistance by reporting abuse or neglect. Describe in detail and honestly what you saw that made you think there had been child abuse or neglect. Any plausible suspicion will do. It is crucial to learn how to spot child abuse and neglect, report it, and refer kids who may have been abused.

Creating A Nursing Care Plan For A Child Who Has Been Abused

Every nurse should do a child abuse and neglect assessment when caring for children and their families. It is important to pay close attention to some warning indicators that point to actual or potential abuse. Based on the child's unique needs and those of his or her family, a diagnosis is made. Setting objectives and selecting the right interventions are necessary for planning.

All professionals, including nurses, are required to contribute to the objective of keeping children safe as part of multidisciplinary approaches to preventing, recognizing, and reacting to child abuse and neglect. Nurses, who frequently interact with kids and families, are in a good position to help protect kids from maltreatment and neglect.

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